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7 causes of prolonged menstruation

By On 21/01/2020 0

Menstruation sometimes takes longer than the partial period. Sometimes this condition is worrying. Indeed, this is not necessarily a sign of danger. But it would be best if you knew some of the following causes so that you know when to worry and when to not.

Women experience various periods. It can be linked to travel, stress, diet, medication and other physiological changes.

In general, you only have to worry if your cycle patterns change. This is partly due to changes in nutrition or changes in the physiological conditions of women. "



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7 possible causes for longer menses


Here are seven possible causes for longer periods and when you need to worry.

1. Hormonal change

One of the main causes of long periods is due to hormones. Menstruation will occur when you are not pregnant, estrogen and progestin levels are reduced, and prostaglandin levels are increased. The condition instructs the uterus to release diapers designed for a potential pregnancy.

But if the hormonal balance is disturbed, menstruation will be longer. This is generally not something to worry about.

Sometimes long periods are accompanied by discomfort and excessive bleeding. It's not very worrying either, but consult your real doctor if you have any questions.


2. Changes in the thyroid gland

According to the Society for Endocrinology, the thyroid is a small gland in the front of your neck that secretes hormones for the body's metabolism, including menstruation. Thyroid changes can be caused by iodine deficiency or autoimmune disorders such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

A third of women in their late thirties experience changes in the thyroid gland, which can lead to longer periods. This is not something to worry about, but you should consult an obstetrician.


3. Uterine or endometrial polyps

Polyps are abnormal growths of tissue that can occur in any organ, including the uterus. When there are polyps in the uterus, women may experience spots before and after menstruation, which could lengthen menstruation. Spots can also appear between periods.

Polyps are usually mild, but some can be cancerous. So you should always check it.


4. Changes in the contraceptive method

Birth control pills can affect the frequency, duration, and flow of menstruation, according to Everyday Health. Changing the contraceptive method can affect your period every month, but that's part of the adjustment, so it's normal. The adjustment usually takes three menstrual periods.


5. Sexually transmitted infections

Unusual and painful menstruation or spots between menstruations can be a symptom of a sexually transmitted infection, according to the American University.

Prolonged menstrual blood can be a sign of infectious diseases such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. According to the Mayo Clinic page, gonorrhea can cause bleeding between periods, painful urination, or pelvic pain.

Although chlamydia may include these symptoms as well as unusual vaginal discharge, it may also have no symptoms. Both of these infections can be treated, especially if detected early.


6. Miscarriage

Late and severe menstruation can be due to miscarriage, according to the Mayo Clinic page. Miscarriages occur in about 20 percent of people who know they are pregnant and occur more often in people who do not know they are pregnant. If time depends on your period, it may not be a miscarriage.


7. Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts often occur and can cause long, irregular menstrual bleeding, according to the Center of Menstrual Disorders and Reproductive Choice. However, you do not need to panic. Most cysts are mild and rarely cancerous, only if they are large can interfere with your menstrual blood flow.


The partial cyst goes away on its own, but you should see a doctor to make sure your cyst is benign. If there is more than one cyst, you may have polycistic ovary syndrome (PCOS). According to the Mayo Clinic, disruption of the endocrine system can lead to heavier and irregular periods. PCOS can cause infertility, so it must be treated early.



Endometrial polyps are benign formations on the uterine lining. A similar disease occurs in women of different ages, but most often after 35 years of age. The causes of the appearance of such formations are not known in a reliable way, but the following are linked to risk factors:

-hormonal imbalance

-mechanical damage and trauma to the uterine cavity

-abortions, miscarriages, difficult childbirth

-endocrine problems, including diabetes

-hypertension and obesity



Characteristic signs of the disease include uterine bleeding, prolonged and heavy periods. Other symptoms of endometrial polyps are:

-flowing blood after having sex

-purulent discharge or other

-discomfort in the lower abdomen

-discomfort during intercourse

-weakness and paleness of the skin due to blood loss

In some cases, polyps do not manifest themselves at all and are only detected during examinations by a gynecologist, which confirms the need for regular visits.



To start treatment of the endometrial polyp, the diagnosis should be confirmed, since similar symptoms occur with other female diseases - myoma, endometriosis, threats of miscarriage, etc.

The diagnosis usually comes down to ultrasound (ultrasound), which allows you to visualize the uterine cavity and determine the presence of formations. In some cases, a hysteroscopy is performed, which also allows you to remove polyp tissue for examination.



In some cases, progestin drug therapy may be effective (small mucous polyps)

Routine treatment is surgical excision by operative hysteroscopy.

In cases where it appears at a young age, ablation is carried out with all the measures necessary to maintain fertility.

In women at risk of early-stage cancer polyp (postmenopausal woman) or in women over 45 years of age (to prevent recurrence), it is necessary to remove the entire uterine lining, which is also performed by hysteroscopy or decide to remove the entire uterus - hysterectomy.

All extract extracts during hysteroscopy are analysed under a microscope to determine with precision the nature of the polyp.


Contact our experts, tel / whatsapp: +33644661758 / +22990312738

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